Eye Tests Preventing Vision Loss

Eye Examinations – routinely checking for Macular Degeneration, Glaucoma and Cataracts.

Everyone should have regular eye tests; the frequency depends on your age, your health and your risk of developing eye problems. Optometrists generally recommend that you have an eye test every one to two years.

You may need to have your eyes tested more frequently if you have a medical condition such as:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Taking certain medications
  • Family history of eye disease such as Glaucoma or Myopia
  • Neurological (brain and nerve) conditions.

You may also need a more frequent eye test if you have a diagnosed eye-related condition, such as:

  • Short-sightedness (myopia or near-sightedness) – difficulty focusing on objects that are in the distance
  • Long-sightedness (hyperopia) – difficulty focusing on close objects
  • Astigmatism – blurred or distorted vision at all distances
  • Macular degeneration – loss of vision in the centre of your field of view
  • Glaucoma – loss of peripheral vision
  • Retinal detachment – the back layer of the eye (retina) separates from the layer of blood vessels
  • Cataracts – clouding of the lens of the eye.

Children’s eyes: It is recommended to have your child’s eyes tested before they start school. Vision problems that are undetected may interfere with your child’s ability to learn and develop. Your optometrist can carry out a comprehensive eye examination to make sure that your child’s eyes are healthy. If one or more parents are short-sighted early eye testing is advised.

Prescribe Glasses

Philip Milford Optometrists can help you with your prescription for eyeglasses and advise you on frames and certain types of lenses and lens coatings.

Eye Health

Philip Milford Optometrists can help you with your prescription for eyeglasses and advise you on frames and certain types of lenses and lens coatings.

Digital Retinal Imaging Fundus Photography

Fundus photography provides a colour image of the retina at the back of your eye. This test monitors and screens for disease and provides an over view of your eye health.  Digital retinal imaging provides rapidly acquired, high-resolution, reproducible images that are available immediately and can be compared over time.

For the best eye care we recommend routine Digital Fundus Photography at every eye consultation.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT Scans)

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is a completely safe, highly specialised, non-invasive imaging test, using light waves to take minute cross-section pictures of your retina.

With OCT, your optometrist can see each of the retina’s distinctive layers, allowing us to map and measure their thickness to 5 micron detail. The information gained from these images and measurements can be invaluable for early diagnosis of glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic and other eye disease. (Early detection and diagnosis is always our objective, allowing treatment to start before vision loss or damage occurs).

Visual Fields Tests

To navigate in the world, we need good central vision but also good peripheral vision. Your peripheral vision is what you can see out to the side and without it you would bump into things all the time.

A computerised Visual Field Test accurately measures your peripheral vision and is used when assessing for many eye diseases. This test is critically important in the early detection of glaucoma and other conditions affecting peripheral vision as early detection can prevent serious vision loss.  Your Optometrist will advise you if they think you need to do a Visual Field Test.

Philip Milford Optometrists also use visual field tests to assess how vision may be limited by eyelid problems such as ptosis and droopy eyelids.


An auto-refractor or automated refractor is a computer-controlled machine used during your eye examination to provide an objective measurement of your refractive error and prescription for glasses or contact lenses. This is achieved by measuring how light is changed as it enters your eye.

Non-contact Tonometry

A tonometer is a diagnostic tool used by our optometrist practice to measure the pressure inside your eyes. Your eye pressure assists your optometrist in determining your risk for developing glaucoma — a disease that damages the optic nerve of your eye, usually resulting in vision loss or even blindness. A non-contact tonometer uses a small puff of air to measure an eye’s pressure. Known as pneumotonometry, the air puff flattens your cornea in a non-invasive way. Alternatively your Optometrist may choose to measure the pressure in your eye with a small probe that touches the front surface of your eye. Other tests may also be required, for example Gonioscopy looks into the corner angle of your eye, whilst Pachimetry measures the thickness of your cornea.

Dilated Pupil Eye Consultation

Your Optometrist may need to instil special eye drops in order to see properly inside your eye, this is known as a dilated pupil eye consultation. The special eye drops increase the size of your eye pupils; this is a bit like opening the window to your eye. With dilated pupils your Optometrist will be able to see much more detail and in 3D. If you need a dilated pupil eye consultation, you will be advised before we put the eye drops in. Your vision may take a few hours to return to normal. For this reason we recommend that you wear sunglasses outside and do not drive or operate machinery until your vision returns to normal.

Myopia Control

Modern living is creating an epidemic of myopia (short sightedness). If your distance vision is constantly getting worse, talk to our Optometrist about how to control it. High Myopia can have serious long term consequences on your vision and eye health. Myopia control can be achieved with a combination of special myopia control contact lenses, including Ortho K, and special (low dose Atropine) eye drops. Additionally life style choices such as spending more time outdoors and less time looking up at close objects will have a positive effect.

Due to the long term risks it is best to try and stop Myopia progressing as soon as possible in both children and adults.

Dry Eye Treatment

Dry eyes are very common but can be debilitating. The dry gritty feeling often deteriorates over time. Sore red eyes can progress to permanent loss of vision due to damage of the anterior eye surface. It is best to treat your dry eyes as soon as possible. The good news is that most dry eyes can now be treated. Talk to our Optometrists about the options for your dry eyes.

Driver Vision Tests

There are a wide range of medical conditions that can affect your fitness to drive. Eye disorders such as glaucoma, cataracts, macular degeneration are medical conditions that will require an Optometry assessment. If you need to wear glasses or contact lenses whilst driving this may be recorded as a condition on your licence.

Advice on eye exercises, lighting and computer usage recommendations, dietary requirements to support eye health.

Eye exercises can help with eyestrain and may help your eyes feel better thus allowing you to perform at your maximum.

Our optometrists will be happy to help.

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